The format of articles and columns must conform to the American Dietetic Association’s guidelines as outlined in the instructions to authors in the Journal of The American Dietetic Association (JADA). Citations (references) in particular must be in JADA format. Please see sample citations below.
Always spell out the complete form of the acronym in its entirety the first time it is mentioned in the text, followed in parentheses by the acronym or abbreviation.
Spell out numbers from one to nine except for units of measure or statistical data (e.g. nine men, 9 years, 9 g). For sample sizes smaller than 100, frequency should be given, no percentage (e.g. 2 of 7, not 29%).
Number the references sequentially within the text as superscripts, then include a reference section at the end of the article with the number and full citation:
- The first three authors must be listed, followed by "et al." for additional authors.
- The full set of page numbers must be listed, even when redundant. For example: 1999;145:105-109, not 105-9)
- Abbreviate journal titles according to Index Medicus and italicize. You can double check abbreviations via Medline, accessible via http://igm.nlm.nih.gov/index.html
- The city and state (or city/country), publisher and date must be given for a book citation
- Web sites must have the date of last access just like a journal article has a date
- Popular magazines are, generally, not acceptable citations
- Names of journals and books are italicized
- There is only one period used with a journal name, at the end of the final part of the name, and it is not italicized (e.g. J Am Diet Assoc.)
The following are sample citations:
Scientific paper: Weddle DO, Tu NS, Guzik CJ, et al. Positive association between dietetics recommendations and achievement of enteral nutrition outcomes of care. J Am Diet Assoc. 1995;95:753-758.
Book: Spears MC. Foodservice Organizations: A Managerial and Systems Approach. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, Inc; 1995.
Book written by a committee: Food and Nutrition Board. Recommended Dietary Allowances. 10th ed. Washington, DC: National Academy Press; 1989.
Chapter in a book: Hermann MG. Marketing and business ethics. In: Helm KK, ed. The Competitive Edge. Advanced Marketing for Dietetics Professionals. 2nd ed. Chicago, IL: American Dietetic Association; 1995:103-107.
Letter to the editor: Roth JH. What is optimum body weight? J Am Diet Assoc. 1994;94:856-857.
Abstract: Stang J, Story M. Accuracy of food portion size estimates by bulimic subjects. J Am Diet Assoc. 1994;95(suppl):A-23. Abstract.
Government bulletin/document: Give the following information, in this order:
- name of author (if given);
- title of bulletin/document;
- place of publication;
- name of issuing bureau, agency, etc.;
- date of publication;
- page numbers, if specified;
- publication number, if any;
- series number, if given.
Example: The Surgeon General’s Report on Nutrition and Health. Washington, DC: US Dept of Health and Human Services; 1988. DHHS (PHS) publication 88-50210.
Use the general term "dietetics professional" rather than "dietitian" or "RD" unless you are addressing an issue that is specific to a Registered Dietitian or to a Dietetic Technician, Registered.
For ease of reading, use subheadings to break the article or column so that the reader can navigate through the manuscript readily.